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Plant Form Upright spiny shrub. Size Up to 6 m tall. Stem Woody, rigid, branched, with thorns up to 15 cm long. Leaves Oval with rounded tip, fleshy, bright green, 10-40 mm long. Flowers White to purple with 5 petals, 1 cm diameter. Fruit and Seeds Round berries, green when unripe and red when ripe, 5-10 mm diameter, 20-70 seeds per fruit. Habitat Dry, sandy woodlands, rangelands, roadsides and waterways. Distinguishing Features Larger berries and stamens extending outside of the flower compared to the native Australian boxthorn (Lycium australe). Impacts Forms dense impenetrable thickets blocking land, harbours pests and diseases, outcompetes and replaces native vegetation.