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Plant Form: Very large succulent perennials.
Size: Up to 3 m tall.
Stem: Small upright trunk, and segmented pads (cladodes) that are fleshy, densely spiny, and often deeply fissured.
Flowers: Pink or purplish to red on ends of stems. Only occasionally present.
Fruit and Seeds: Cone or egg shaped, fleshy, smooth, only occasionally present.
Habitat: Rangelands, grasslands, woodlands, riverbanks.
Distinguishing Features: Combination of features distinguish from other cacti like succulents.
Impacts: Forms dense thickets restricting stock, human movement or water access, spines can injure animals or humans.